Quelle sentence pour un violeur?

C'est un dimanche soir comme les autres. Pour l'organisation auprès de laquelle je fais du bénévolat, j'effectue un peu de recherche juridique. De la lecture légère avant d'aller me coucher, surtout pour les cas d'agression sexuelle. Lire de tels jugements, c'est un peu comme se doper à la colère. Ou remplir le réservoir d'indignation pour toute la semaine. Récemment, j'ai décidé de déverser ma colère dans un nouveau Tumblr, Le sexisme des juges. Vous pouvez le visiter lorsqu'il vous vient en tête l'idée risible selon laquelle le droit serait "neutre". En fait, une fois qu'on sait que "neutre" (ne-uter) vient de "sans utérus", cette hypothèse est beaucoup plus convaincante. Le droit est masculin, aucun doute là-dessus.

Ce soir, donc, je lis un jugement d'attribution de peine en matière d'agression sexuelle. Le juge cite et compare les faits de différents cas faisant autorité et rappelle la durée d'emprisonnement correspondante. C'est tellement déprimant que j'ai pensé vous partager cet extrait [TRIGGER WARNING]:

"R. v. White, supra
[13] The victim went for a night of drinking with the accused. They retired to his dorm room where she fell asleep after she had confirmed with him that she would be safe. She was fully dressed. She awoke to find the accused on top of her, her pants and underwear removed, with the accused trying to put his penis in her vagina. She said no three or four times and he kept trying to put his penis into her vagina. He was a much bigger person than she was. He stopped trying to force her after 10 minutes. When he stopped, he fell asleep, and she fled.

[14] The accused was a cocaine addict and alcoholic. He had 10 previous criminal offences, including aggravated assault. He denied responsibility for the offence and maintained, prior to sentencing, that he would appeal. He was assessed to be at a high risk of reoffending. He received a custodial sentence of 26 months.

R. v. G.W.S., 2004 YKTC 5
[15] The accused was convicted of offences on June 7, 2003, and June 22, 2003.

[16] On June 7th, he was at a drinking party. A 16-year-old was at the party but did not drink. She went to sleep on the couch after the party was over and awoke to find the accused fondling her vagina over her clothing. He tried to take her pants off but she resisted successfully and he finally left. He later came back and put his hand on her thigh and she resisted again.

[17] On June 23rd, the second charge, he stayed for a night at his 44-year-old cousin's place and went to sleep on a sofa after she had fed him. She went to her bed and went to sleep without taking her clothes off. She awoke to find her clothes removed and the accused fingering her vagina and anus. He had his hands on her throat to restrain her. He had his pants off. She struggled, finally kicking him in the testicles and he left.

[18] The accused had an extensive record, including 10 assaults. The accused was given a 14-month custodial sentence. [14 mois! QUA-TORZE MOIS!]

R. v. Lepine, 2013 NWTSC 19
[19] The complainant and the accused were at a house party. At 7 a.m., the complainant fell asleep in one of the bedrooms. She may have passed out from alcohol consumption. Another male person was sleeping beside her. She awoke to find the accused with his finger in her vagina. She protested, started kicking and waking up the other male, and the accused left.

[20] At trial, he gave alibi evidence that he was at home sleeping with his wife at the time. The accused had 22 adult convictions. The convictions were for offences that were serious, including a number of assaults, including assaults with weapon. The accused received a custodial sentence of three years.

R. v. A.A.F., 2014 BCPC 46
[21] The complainant was having a drinking party in her hotel room. The accused was also staying in the hotel and was drinking heavily. He was invited to the party. The party broke up and people left. The accused returned to the complainant's room sometime later where the complainant was sleeping. She woke up to find the accused in her room rubbing her back and arms, putting a hand down her shirt, and forcing her hand between his legs. She told him to leave and he did.

[22] The accused had a threatening conviction in 1968 and an assault conviction in 1993. This was in 2014. He received a suspended sentence and two years' probation.

R. v. Aftergood, (January 26, 2012), Victoria 145042 (B.C.S.C.)
[23] The accused and the complainant were taking part in partying at the university dorms. They were 18 years old. After much carousing, the complainant returned to her room and fell asleep. The accused later entered her room and sexually assaulted her in her sleep by digital penetration of her vagina and by attempting penetration with his penis. The complainant awoke and he continued his assault until she sat up and scared him off.

[24] The accused did not have a criminal record. He had good performance on bail for three years prior to sentence after trial. He received a three-year suspended sentence with probation.

R. v. Ingrey, 2003 SKQB 300
[25] Here, a police officer, with no record, digitally penetrated a sleeping friend. He received a suspended sentence of 12 months, which was reduced to a conditional discharge on appeal.

R. v. T.J.H., 2012 BCPC 115
[26] In this case, an accused with what are described as unique challenges touched a female outside her clothing on the genitals. They knew each other and the incident had significant effect on the victim.

[27] He did not have a record and received a conditional discharge."

[Référence: R. v. Rosenthal, 2014 YKTC 41]


Êtes-vous choquéE?

Comprenez-vous ce que veux dire le "permis de violer" des hommes? (Et encore, je ne parle ni de prostitution, ni de tous ces innombrables violeurs qui n'ont jamais vu le bout du nez de la justice.)

Lorsque les féministes ont demandé la criminalisation du viol conjugal, on les a accusées d'être pro-punition, pro-répression, pro-emprisonnement. Une telle critique est hypocrite. Personnellement, je ne suis pas particulièrement convaincue que le système de "justice" criminelle soit la meilleure ou même une bonne façon de prévenir les crimes et d'y répondre. Cependant, si, en tant que société, on choisit un tel système, alors il faut une cohérence dans son application. Si on impose aux criminelLEs la prison, on doit traiter de la même façon les violeurs. On ne peut pas parler uniquement du "besoin de pardonner", de l'importance de la "réinsertion sociale" et des échecs du droit criminel lorsqu'il est question de violences sexuelles. Or, c'est exactement ce que l'on fait, y compris (voire particulièrement) dans les milieux progressistes. Dès qu'un violeur est traduit en justice (moins de 3% des cas), on s'empresse de verser des larmes sur une brillante carrière qui prend fin, sur des rêves brisés et sur la forte stigmatisation qu'il vivra. On a à l'égard du coupable l'empathie qu'on devrait accorder à la victime/survivante. Similairement, la justice réparatrice et les moyens alternatifs de répondre aux crimes sont sans doute intéressants, mais je constate qu'on en parle principalement lorsqu'il est question de viols. Je refuse ces doubles standards sexistes. Voilà pourquoi, tout en reconnaissant les défauts de la justice criminelle et les désavantages d'un système d'emprisonnement, je continue à me mettre en colère lorsque je vois avec quelle facilité les violeurs s'en tirent, et à quel point on est clémentEs à leur égard.

Les violences sexuelles sont trop répandues pour qu'on puisse se permettre de pardonner aussi facilement les violeurs. Ils sont trop nombreux à s'en tirer (et à s'en être maintes fois tirés avant d'être "pris") pour qu'on pleure sur leur sort. Les victimes sont trop nombreuses pour qu'on refuse de les protéger adéquatement. Le viol est trop destructeur pour qu'on l'autorise implicitement, en le condamnant de nos voix et en l'accueillant par nos gestes.

Refusons que les juges soient complices de la culture du viol.


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